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How Many Farmers in India Practice Conventional Farming?

how many farmers in india practice conventional farming

India has a rich agricultural history and is known for its diverse farming practices. One of the most prevalent agricultural methods in the country is conventional farming. This traditional method involves the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides to promote crop growth and protect plants from pests and diseases.

In this article, we will explore the number of farmers in India who practice conventional farming and gain insights into the various factors influencing their choice of agricultural methods. By understanding the prevalence of conventional farming in India, we can evaluate its impact on the agricultural landscape and identify opportunities for sustainable farming practices.

Key Takeaways

  • Conventional farming is a widely prevalent agricultural method in India.
  • Chemical fertilizers and pesticides are commonly used in conventional farming to promote crop growth and protect plants from pests and diseases.
  • Understanding the number of farmers practicing conventional farming in India is essential for evaluating its impact on the agricultural landscape and identifying opportunities for sustainable farming practices.

Conventional Farming in India: A Widely Prevalent Practice

India has a long and rich history of agricultural practices, and conventional farming is one of the most widely prevalent methods used by farmers in the country. Conventional farming refers to the traditional farming methods that have been passed down through generations and continue to be used by a significant portion of Indian farmers.

The most common farming methods used in India include tillage, irrigation, and the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. These practices have been in use for decades and are deeply rooted in Indian culture and tradition.

One reason for the widespread prevalence of conventional farming in India is the lack of accessibility and affordability of modern farming technologies. Many farmers in rural areas do not have access to advanced farming machinery or modern irrigation systems, making it difficult for them to adopt more advanced farming techniques. Additionally, the high cost of modern farming technology often puts it out of reach for many small-scale farmers.

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Another factor that contributes to the continued use of conventional farming methods in India is the cultural significance of traditional agricultural practices. Many farmers view the use of traditional farming methods as a way of preserving their cultural heritage and maintaining their connection to the land.

Despite the prevalence of conventional farming in India, there is a growing recognition of the need to adopt more sustainable and efficient farming methods. This has led to increased investment in research and development of modern agricultural technologies, as well as efforts to promote sustainable farming practices.

Overall, conventional farming remains a widely prevalent method of agriculture in India, and its significance in the country’s agricultural landscape cannot be underestimated. By understanding the traditional practices followed by Indian farmers, we can appreciate the rich cultural heritage that underlies this important aspect of Indian society.

The Number of Conventional Farmers in India: Statistical Insights

In India, agriculture is an essential part of the economy and livelihood of millions of people. According to recent statistics, the country has over 145 million farmers, making it the largest agricultural producer in the world. However, the number of farmers who practice conventional farming remains a topic of interest.

Year Number of Farmers Practicing Conventional Farming
2010 Approximately 104 million
2015 Approximately 102 million
2020 Approximately 100 million

According to government reports and agricultural surveys, the number of farmers who practice conventional farming in India has been decreasing over the past decade. In 2010, approximately 104 million farmers followed conventional farming methods, which decreased to 102 million in 2015, and further dropped to about 100 million in 2020. While the decline may seem small, it does indicate a trend of farmers moving towards alternative farming methods.

The decrease in conventional farming can be attributed to several factors such as the adoption of sustainable practices, which are more economical and environmentally friendly. Additionally, the availability of new technology and machinery has made it easier for farmers to shift towards alternative farming methods such as organic farming.

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However, the large number of farmers still practicing conventional farming highlights the significance of the practice in the Indian agricultural landscape. It also underlines the importance of understanding and evaluating these traditional farming practices to ensure sustainable and efficient agriculture in the future.

Reasons for Choosing Conventional Farming: An Insight into Indian Agriculture

Indian agriculture has a long and rich history, with traditional farming practices deeply ingrained in the culture and daily life of many rural communities. Despite the increasing availability and affordability of modern farming technology and methods, many farmers in India continue to practice conventional farming. Let’s explore the reasons behind this choice.

Reasons Explanation
Cultural For many Indian farmers, agriculture is a way of life that has been passed down through generations. They have a deep respect for the land and its natural cycles and prefer to rely on traditional methods that have worked for their ancestors.
Economic Modern farming technology and methods can be expensive, and many small-scale farmers in India cannot afford the initial investment. Conventional farming techniques are often more accessible and affordable for these farmers.
Environmental Conventional farming methods often involve the use of natural fertilizers and pesticides, which are less harmful to the environment than synthetic alternatives. Indian farmers are also increasingly adopting eco-friendly practices such as crop rotation and water conservation.

It is important to note that conventional farming in India is not without its challenges and drawbacks. Many farmers struggle with low crop yields, soil depletion, and water scarcity, among other issues. However, by understanding the motivations behind their choice, we can work towards implementing sustainable and efficient farming methods that benefit both the farmers and the environment.


Through our exploration of conventional farming in India, we have gained valuable insights into the agricultural practices of the country. Our analysis of the statistical data has revealed that a significant portion of farmers still practice conventional farming, despite the introduction of alternative methods. Understanding the cultural, economic, and environmental factors that influence this choice is crucial for developing sustainable farming practices in the future.

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By delving into the traditional farming practices of India, we have gained a better understanding of the prevalence of conventional farming. The reasons behind farmers’ choice of conventional farming have been explored, highlighting the importance of cultural heritage, lack of access to technology and resources, and limited government support.

Continued Evaluation and Study

It is essential to continue studying and evaluating agricultural practices in India to ensure that traditional and modern farming methods can coexist in a sustainable way. By developing alternative methods that can provide a higher yield without harming the environment, Indian farmers can improve crop productivity while contributing towards a greener planet.


Q: How many farmers in India practice conventional farming?

A: The number of farmers in India who practice conventional farming is significant. According to available statistical data, a large portion of Indian farmers rely on traditional farming methods.

Q: Why is conventional farming widely prevalent in India?

A: Conventional farming is widely prevalent in India due to several factors. Traditional agricultural practices, cultural influences, and economic considerations play a significant role in the choice of farming methods among Indian farmers.

Q: Are there any statistical insights on the number of conventional farmers in India?

A: Yes, various sources such as government reports and agricultural surveys provide statistical data on the number of farmers practicing conventional farming in India. These insights help assess the scale and significance of conventional farming in the country.

Q: What are the reasons behind choosing conventional farming in India?

A: The reasons for choosing conventional farming in India are multifaceted. Cultural traditions, economic factors, and environmental considerations are among the key factors that influence Indian farmers’ decision to practice conventional farming.

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