Skip to content

Agriculture Statistics in India: Key Insights & Latest Data

agriculture statistics in india

Welcome to our article on agriculture statistics in India. Agriculture is the backbone of India’s economy, providing employment to a significant percentage of its population and contributing to its Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Keeping track of the latest agricultural statistics is crucial for understanding the sector’s trends, production, growth, and challenges.

In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive overview of the agriculture sector in India, covering key insights, relevant data, challenges, government initiatives, and future outlook. We hope that this article will help you stay informed about the latest developments in the agriculture industry and enable you to make informed decisions related to the sector.

Key Takeaways:

  • Agriculture statistics in India provide crucial insights into the sector’s growth, production, and challenges.
  • The agriculture sector is an essential component of India’s economy, providing employment to a significant percentage of its population.
  • This article will cover the sources and methods used to collect agricultural data in India, growth trends, production statistics, challenges, government initiatives, and future outlook.

Understanding Agricultural Data in India

Accurate and reliable data is critical to understanding and analyzing the trends, production, and growth of the agriculture sector in India. The Indian government has established various bodies responsible for collecting and analyzing agricultural data.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare oversees the collection of data from various sources, including the Agricultural Census, Input Survey, and Crop Cutting Experiments. The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation also plays a significant role in compiling and disbursing agricultural statistics. These bodies work with state governments, universities, and research institutions to ensure that the data collected is rigorous and reliable.

Overview of Indian Agriculture

Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy, accounting for about 16% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employing more than half of the working population. India is the world’s second-largest producer of food, with diverse crops grown across its various regions. The country’s agriculture sector is characterized by both small-scale and large-scale farming, with around 85% of farmers being classified as small and marginal.

The major crops grown in India include rice, wheat, maize, pulses, oilseeds, and cotton. In addition, the country is a significant producer of horticulture crops such as fruits, vegetables, and spices. The livestock sector is another important component of Indian agriculture, with the country being the world’s largest milk producer and home to significant populations of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and poultry.

The agriculture sector is critically important for rural development, poverty reduction, and food security in India. Despite its importance, the sector faces numerous challenges, including climate change, soil degradation, water scarcity, and low productivity. The government has launched several initiatives to address these challenges and boost the agriculture sector’s growth and development.

Growth Trends in Indian Agriculture

India’s agriculture sector has undergone significant growth and transformation in recent years. In the period from 2014-15 to 2019-20, the agriculture sector’s Gross Value Added (GVA) grew at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 3.8%.

Modernization and technological advancements have played a significant role in driving growth in the sector. Innovations in irrigation, mechanization, and seed varieties have enabled farmers to increase yields and improve efficiency. Further, government policies such as the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (crop insurance scheme) and the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (irrigation scheme) have boosted farmer confidence and encouraged investment.

Factors influencing the growth of Indian agriculture

Factors Description
Technological advancements Improvements in irrigation, mechanization, and seed varieties
Government policies Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, amongst others
Changing consumption patterns Rising demand for high-value crops such as fruits and vegetables

The growth of the agriculture sector has not been uniform across crop categories. The CAGR for horticulture, for example, has been nearly double that of food grains. This has been driven by rising incomes and changing consumption patterns, leading to increased demand for high-value crops such as fruits and vegetables.

Despite the growth, the agriculture sector still faces several challenges, including climate change, water scarcity, and limited access to credit and markets. However, with continued government support and technological advancements, there is potential for sustained growth and development in the sector.

Agricultural Production Statistics in India

India is one of the world’s largest producers of agricultural commodities. The country’s diverse agro-climatic conditions facilitate the cultivation of a variety of crops, including cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fruits, and vegetables. According to the latest available data, the total food grain production in India during 2019-20 was estimated at 296.65 million tonnes.

The table below provides the latest data on agricultural production in India:

Crop Production (million tonnes)
Rice 117.47
Wheat 107.18
Maize 28.98
Pulses 23.15
Oilseeds 33.83
Sugarcane 376.91
Cotton 36.23

Horticulture is another important segment of Indian agriculture. The country is the second-largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world. The total production of horticulture crops during 2018-19 was estimated at 313.85 million tonnes, with fruits contributing 97.97 million tonnes and vegetables contributing 187.50 million tonnes.

Livestock rearing, including poultry and fisheries, is also a significant contributor to India’s agriculture sector. The table below provides the latest data on livestock production in India:

Livestock Production (million)
Cattle 300.34
Buffaloes 109.85
Sheep 74.26
Goats 148.88
Pigs 10.29
Poultry 851.81
Fish (in lakh tonnes) 137.58
See also  Unlock Mustard Oil for Hair Growth: Enhance Your Locks Naturally

The Indian government has been promoting agricultural diversification by encouraging farmers to take up fisheries and horticulture. The production of marine and inland fisheries during 2018-19 was estimated at 13.42 million tonnes, with the marine sector contributing 80% of the total production.

Contribution of Agriculture to the Indian Economy

Agriculture has been the backbone of the Indian economy for centuries, providing employment and livelihoods to a significant portion of the population. According to the latest data available, the agriculture sector contributed 17.8% to India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the financial year 2020-21, employing 43% of the country’s total workforce.

Through various government schemes and initiatives, the sector has witnessed significant growth in recent years. The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (Prime Minister Crop Insurance Scheme), the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (Prime Minister Agriculture Irrigation Scheme), and the National Agricultural Market (eNAM) are some of the government initiatives aimed at improving agricultural productivity, ensuring food security, and increasing farmers’ income.

Year Gross Value Added (GVA) by Agriculture & Allied Sectors (in INR billion) Contribution of Agriculture to India’s GDP
2016-17 17,97,026 17.5%
2017-18 18,68,354 17.4%
2018-19 19,55,291 16.5%
2019-20 20,88,370 15.9%
2020-21 22,46,967 17.8%

Despite the relative growth in the sector, agriculture still faces several challenges. Climate change, fluctuating market prices, and access to credit and technology are some of the significant issues that have hindered the sector’s progress. The government’s initiatives to improve infrastructure and access to credit and market linkages have been able to alleviate some of these concerns in the recent years.

As India aims to double the income of farmers and become self-sufficient in food production, the agriculture sector’s contribution to the GDP is expected to increase. The government’s recent efforts to digitize the sector and promote agri startups can bring in the much-needed technological advancements and innovations.

Statistics on Indian Farming Practices

India has a diverse range of farming practices, including traditional methods, modern techniques, and organic farming. According to the State of Indian Agriculture Report, approximately 30% of the agricultural land in India is now under organic farming.

In recent years, there has been a growing trend towards the adoption of modern farming techniques such as precision farming, which utilizes technology such as GPS and sensors to optimize crop yields. As of 2018, approximately 50 million hectares of land in India was being cultivated using this technique.

However, traditional methods of farming still play a significant role in the Indian agriculture sector. Around 60% of farmers continue to rely on traditional methods, such as crop rotation and natural pest management. This is particularly prevalent among small-scale farmers who lack access to modern technologies.

Statistics on Modern Farming Techniques in India

Technique % of cultivable land
Precision farming 10%
Greenhouse cultivation 1%
Drip irrigation 1%

Adoption Rates of Organic Farming Practices in India

  • 2015-16: 2.6 million hectares
  • 2016-17: 3.6 million hectares
  • 2017-18: 4.7 million hectares
  • 2018-19: 5.71 million hectares

The use of modern farming practices has significantly improved productivity and efficiency in the Indian agriculture sector. However, there are concerns about the sustainability of these methods in the long term. On the other hand, traditional farming methods have proven to be more environmentally friendly and sustainable over time.

The government of India has been promoting the adoption of sustainable farming practices, such as organic farming, conservation agriculture, and agroforestry. These practices aim to maximize yields while minimizing negative impacts on the environment.

Overall, the Indian agriculture sector is characterized by a wide range of farming practices, each with its own benefits and challenges. As the sector continues to evolve, it is important to monitor the adoption rates and impact of different farming practices, in order to ensure a sustainable and prosperous future for Indian agriculture.

Challenges Faced by Indian Agriculture

Despite its significant contribution to the Indian economy, the agriculture sector faces several challenges that hinder its growth and development. These challenges include:

  • Climate change: Erratic weather patterns and extreme weather events such as droughts and floods affect crop yields and quality.
  • Water scarcity: With increasing demand for irrigation water, many areas in India are facing water scarcity, which affects cultivation.
  • Pests and diseases: Crop losses due to pests and diseases affect farmers’ income and food security.
  • Access to credit and markets: Small farmers often face difficulty in accessing credit, and lack of efficient markets for their produce results in low prices.
  • Farmer suicides: The agriculture sector is plagued by a high rate of farmer suicides, attributed to factors such as indebtedness, crop loss, and lack of alternative livelihoods.

The Indian government has taken several initiatives to address these challenges and promote agriculture development. For instance, the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) provides crop insurance to farmers, while the Soil Health Card Scheme aims to improve soil fertility. The government has also launched various schemes to increase irrigation and enhance market access for farmers. Despite these efforts, the agriculture sector continues to face challenges, and sustained efforts are required to ensure its growth and sustainability.

Government Policies and Agricultural Statistics

Government policies in India have a significant impact on the collection and analysis of agriculture statistics. Policies related to subsidies, minimum support prices, crop insurance, and land reforms influence data collection, reporting, and analysis.

The government provides subsidies and incentives to farmers for adopting new technologies, promoting sustainable farming practices and increasing productivity. These subsidies have led to higher yields, which in turn has a positive impact on agriculture statistics.

The Minimum Support Price (MSP) is the price at which the government purchases crops from farmers. The MSP ensures that farmers receive a fair price for their produce and helps to stabilize crop prices. This policy has a direct impact on agricultural production statistics and helps to regulate the market.

Crop insurance is also an important policy that affects agriculture statistics. The government provides crop insurance to farmers to protect them from losses due to natural disasters, pests, and diseases. This policy promotes risk mitigation and encourages farmers to take up insurance, which helps in better data collection and analysis.

See also  Discover the Benefits of Sunflower Oil for Your Health & Wellness

The Indian government has also implemented land reforms to ensure that farmers have access to land and that land is used productively. These reforms include setting up land banks, encouraging land leasing, and promoting land consolidation. These policies have a direct impact on data related to land use and productivity.

In conclusion, government policies play a vital role in shaping agriculture statistics in India. These policies impact data collection, reporting, and analysis and have a direct bearing on the growth and development of the agriculture sector.

Agricultural Trade and Export Statistics

India is a major exporter of agricultural commodities, with a significant share of the country’s total agricultural production being exported. According to recent data, India’s agricultural exports amounted to $41.25 billion in 2020-2021, reflecting a 17.34% increase from the previous year.

The following table presents the top commodities exported by India in the agricultural sector:

Commodity Export Value (US$ Billion) % Share in Total Exports
Basmati Rice 4.65 11.26%
Non-Basmati Rice 4.42 10.70%
Fruits and Vegetables 3.52 8.52%
Spices 3.48 8.43%
Meat and Meat Products 3.25 7.87%

India’s main agricultural export destinations include the US, China, Bangladesh, UAE, and Vietnam. The agricultural export sector has tremendous growth potential, given the increasing demand for food and agricultural commodities globally.

The Indian government has launched several initiatives to support agricultural exports, including the Agri Export Policy, which aims to double agricultural exports to $60 billion by 2022. Additionally, the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) provides support to exporters through various schemes and programs.

Technological Innovations in Indian Agriculture

India has witnessed significant technological advancements in agriculture, leading to increased productivity and efficiency. The adoption of precision farming techniques, biotechnology, farm mechanization, and digital tools has brought about a significant transformation in the sector.

The use of precision farming involves the application of technologies such as GPS, GIS, remote sensing, and drones to optimize crop production and management. Biotechnology has enabled the development of high-yielding, pest-resistant, and climate-resilient crop varieties through genetic engineering.

Farm mechanization has reduced human labor and enhanced the speed and precision of agricultural processes. The use of digital tools such as mobile apps, online marketplaces, and e-extension services has facilitated access to information, inputs, and markets for farmers.

These technological innovations have played a critical role in enhancing the competitiveness of Indian agriculture and are expected to drive the sector’s growth in the future.

Sustainable Agriculture Practices in India

India has been promoting sustainable agriculture practices as a means to reduce the environmental impact of food production while increasing yields and promoting economic growth.

According to government data, the adoption of organic farming practices has increased significantly in recent years. In 2019, around 3.4 million hectares of land were under organic farming, up from 2.9 million hectares in 2016.

Sustainable Agriculture Practices Adoption rates
Organic farming 10% of agricultural land
Conservation agriculture 5% of agricultural land
Agroforestry 12.5 million hectares of land

Additionally, the government has initiated various programs and schemes to promote sustainable practices, such as the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, which provides crop insurance to farmers, and the National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture, which aims to increase productivity while promoting conservation and sustainability.

Improved water management techniques also play a crucial role in sustainable agriculture. The government has launched various initiatives, such as the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, to promote efficient use of water resources in agriculture.

Overall, sustainable agriculture practices are important for ensuring the long-term viability and resilience of India’s agricultural sector.

Government Initiatives for Agriculture Development

The government of India has taken several initiatives to promote agriculture development in the country. Some of the key programs and schemes are listed below:

Program Description
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) Provides insurance coverage and financial support to farmers in case of crop failure due to natural calamities, pests or diseases.
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) Aims to promote irrigation efficiency and water conservation through various measures such as micro-irrigation systems, construction of rainwater harvesting structures, and renovation of traditional water bodies.
National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) Facilitates online trading of agricultural produce across the country, thereby enabling farmers to get better prices for their crops.
Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) Provides financial assistance to farmers for agriculture and allied activities such as horticulture, livestock, fisheries, and sericulture.

These initiatives have had a positive impact on the agriculture sector, leading to increased productivity, higher incomes for farmers, and better rural livelihoods. For instance, under the PMKSY, 10 million hectares of land has been brought under micro-irrigation, resulting in a 39% increase in crop yields. Similarly, under the PMFBY, more than 57 million farmers have been insured, covering an area of 75 million hectares.

Future Outlook for Indian Agriculture

The agriculture sector in India is expected to witness significant growth in the coming years, owing to the government’s focus on enhancing productivity, enabling market linkages, and promoting sustainable practices. However, the sector also faces several challenges that need to be tackled.

Emerging Trends

One emerging trend in Indian agriculture is the growing importance of technology and innovation. Precision agriculture, biotechnology, and digital tools are increasingly being adopted to improve productivity and efficiency. Another trend is the focus on sustainable agriculture practices, including organic farming, conservation agriculture, and agroforestry.

Opportunities for Growth

India has immense potential to increase its agricultural exports, particularly in horticulture and processed food products. The government’s recent reforms in agricultural marketing and contract farming are expected to provide a significant boost to the sector’s growth. Additionally, advancements in technology and research can unlock new opportunities for crop diversification and value addition.

Challenges Ahead

Climate change, water scarcity, soil degradation, and pest and disease outbreaks are significant challenges facing the agriculture sector in India. Farmers also face issues related to access to credit, markets, and information. Addressing these challenges will require a multi-pronged approach, including policy reforms, technological solutions, and community participation.

See also  Essential Farming Tools in India: Boost Your Agricultural Success

Adapting to Change

The agriculture sector in India must adapt to changing global market dynamics, consumer preferences, and climate conditions. Diversification of crops, adoption of sustainable practices, and investment in research and development will be crucial for the sector’s long-term growth and sustainability.

Importance of Regular Updates on Agriculture Statistics

Keeping track of the latest agriculture statistics in India is vital for farmers, policymakers, and investors alike. Accurate and timely data provides valuable insights into the sector’s trends, growth, and challenges, enabling informed decision-making and planning.

Regular updates on agriculture statistics help identify opportunities for enhancing productivity, improving sustainability, and increasing profitability. For instance, data on crop yields, production, and prices can guide farmers in making informed decisions about cropping patterns, inputs, and marketing strategies.

Similarly, policymakers use agriculture statistics to design effective policies, programs, and schemes that support the sector’s growth and development. Accurate data on employment, income, and investment in the agriculture sector play a crucial role in formulating policies related to credit availability, insurance, and marketing infrastructure.

Investors and financial institutions also rely on agriculture statistics to assess the sector’s growth potential, risk profile, and profitability. Regular updates on the latest trends in agriculture technology, marketing, and trade can help investors in identifying emerging opportunities and potential areas of growth.

In conclusion, staying informed about the latest agriculture statistics in India is crucial for realizing the sector’s potential and addressing its challenges. Regular updates on data collection, analysis, and reporting can help all stakeholders in making informed decisions, promoting sustainable and equitable growth, and contributing to the country’s overall economic development.


Agriculture statistics in India play a critical role in understanding the sector’s growth, development, and contribution to the national economy. From analyzing trends in agricultural production to monitoring the adoption of new technologies and farming practices, accurate and timely data is essential for policymakers, investors, and farming communities.

As we have seen throughout this article, India’s agriculture sector faces significant challenges, including climate change, water scarcity, and access to markets and credit. However, there are also numerous opportunities for growth and development, particularly in areas such as sustainable agriculture, technological innovation, and agricultural trade.

Moving forward, it will be crucial to continue monitoring and updating agriculture statistics in India to facilitate evidence-based decision-making and robust policy development. So stay informed, stay up-to-date, and keep an eye on the future of Indian agriculture.


Q: What is the importance of agriculture statistics in India?

A: Agriculture statistics in India play a crucial role in understanding the trends, production, and growth of the sector. They help policymakers, researchers, and stakeholders make informed decisions and plan for the future.

Q: How is agricultural data collected in India?

A: Agricultural data in India is collected through various sources, including government surveys, agricultural censuses, and satellite imagery. Government bodies such as the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare are responsible for gathering and analyzing the data.

Q: What is the overview of Indian agriculture?

A: Indian agriculture is of immense importance to the national economy and employment generation. It encompasses a wide range of crops and farming practices, including both small-scale and large-scale farming.

Q: What are the growth trends in Indian agriculture?

A: The Indian agriculture sector has witnessed growth influenced by factors such as technological advancements, government policies, and changing consumer demands.

Q: What are the key statistics related to agricultural production in India?

A: Agricultural production statistics in India include data on major crops, horticulture, livestock, and fisheries. Significant changes or trends observed in recent years are also discussed.

Q: How does agriculture contribute to the Indian economy?

A: Agriculture in India contributes to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), employment generation, and rural development. Major initiatives and schemes are in place to boost the sector’s economic contribution.

Q: What are the statistics on Indian farming practices?

A: Indian farming practices encompass a range of techniques, including organic farming, traditional farming, and modern techniques. Adoption rates of new technologies and their impact on productivity and sustainability are discussed.

Q: What challenges does Indian agriculture face?

A: The agriculture sector in India faces challenges such as climate change, water scarcity, pests and diseases, access to credit and markets, and farmer suicides. Efforts are being made to address these challenges.

Q: How do government policies affect agriculture statistics in India?

A: Government policies related to subsidies, minimum support prices, crop insurance, and land reforms impact data collection, reporting, and analysis in the agriculture sector in India.

Q: What are the agricultural trade and export statistics in India?

A: Agricultural trade statistics in India include information on major commodities exported, top importers, and the growth potential of the agricultural export sector. Trade agreements and initiatives promoting exports are also highlighted.

Q: What are the technological innovations in Indian agriculture?

A: Technological innovations in Indian agriculture include precision farming, biotechnology, farm mechanization, and digital tools. Government initiatives support these advancements to improve productivity and efficiency.

Q: What are the sustainable agriculture practices in India?

A: Sustainable agriculture practices in India include organic farming, conservation agriculture, water management techniques, and agroforestry. Statistics on the adoption and impact of these practices are provided.

Q: What are the government initiatives for agriculture development in India?

A: Government initiatives in India promote agriculture development through programs related to irrigation, credit availability, crop diversification, and market linkages. The impact of these initiatives is also highlighted.

Q: What is the future outlook for Indian agriculture?

A: The future prospects and challenges for Indian agriculture are discussed, highlighting emerging trends, opportunities, and potential areas of growth. Adapting to changing global markets and climate conditions is emphasized.

Q: Why is it important to have regular updates on agriculture statistics?

A: Regular updates on agriculture statistics in India are crucial as they provide accurate and timely data for policy decisions, investments, and overall planning and development of the sector.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *